BSI, the business standards company, has published the first global standard for occupational Health and Safety management: ISO 45001 Occupational Health and Safety Management – Requirements with Guidance for Use. ISO 45001 was created to address the global need to improve the work-related Health and Safety of workers, over two million of whom die each year from work-related incidents and an even higher number from occupational health issues. Led by the UK, the new international standard was developed with input from over 70 countries across five continents.
ISO 45001 specifies requirements for creating an occupational Health and Safety (OH&S) management system, with interpretation guidance to enable an organisation to improve OH&S performance in the workplace. The requirements in the standard are applicable to all organisations, irrespective of their size and activities.
Rather than see OH&S as a necessary burden, ISO 45001 encourages an organisation to view OH&S as an investment in their success. The standard uses risk-based thinking throughout to minimise negative outcomes and emphasises that workers closest to a particular risk should be involved in the decision-making process.
By managing risks and embracing the opportunity to improve OH&S performance, organisations thereby create the environment for a healthier, safer and more engaged workforce.
The standard is applicable for all workers irrespective of their occupation and makes no distinction between whether they do paid or unpaid work. It was developed on the premise that the Health and Safety at work of a volunteer at a local community centre is as worthy as a full-time employee on a long-term contract.
ISO 45001 exhibits a strong emphasis on leadership and requires senior management to actively demonstrate commitment to OH&S. There’s also a focus on the participation and consultation of workers in making sure that the OH&S management system covers what needs to be covered and is communicated effectively to everyone involved.
Openness around OH&S
One of the goals during the development of this standard was to encourage a culture of openness around OH&S. Health and Safety should not be the sole remit of Health and Safety managers, but the responsibility of all workers. When everyone feels that they can report OH&S hazards freely and without retribution, the working environment is typically safer and healthier for everyone.
Anne Hayes, head of the governance and resilience sector at BSI, said: “ISO 45001 is about protecting workers at all levels of an organisation. From the Saturday part-timer on a zero-hours contract to the CEO of an international conglomerate, this global standard was designed for the good of the organisation and everyone who works for it.”
Hayes continued: “Occupational Health and Safety management doesn’t have to mean more paperwork and more red tape. On the contrary, ISO 45001 was created to make it easier for organisations to both nurture and then maintain a safe and healthy working environment for all. OH&S impacts every organisation, irrespective of how big it is, the sector in which it operates or where in the world it happens to be located. As such, ISO 45001 is relevant to an organisation whether it employs ten workers or 100,000.”
In order to assist with the implementation of ISO 45001, BS 45002 Occupational Health and Safety Management Systems: General Guidelines for the Application of ISO 45001 has been launched in tandem. This British Standard describes the intent of individual clauses in ISO 45001 and provides guidance to help organisations implement an OH&S management system based on ISO 45001.
ISO 45001 replaces the British Standard OHSAS 18001. Existing users of OHSAS 18001 have three years to transition to the new international standard. ISO 45001 aligns with other key international standards such as ISO 9001 (Quality Management) and ISO 14001 (Environmental Management) respectively.